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Key words History Unit 1

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NAME: _____________________________ DATE:________________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
SCIENCE
Plant Reproduction
It is not necessary to carry out all the activities contained in this unit. Please see Teachers�� Notes for explanations, additional activities, and tips and suggestions.
Theme Plant Reproduction Levels A1 – B1 Language focus Key vocabulary, word identification, sentence structure, extracting information from text, writing text, grammar. Learning focus Using Science textbooks and accessing curriculum content and learning activities. Activity types Matching, word identification, structuring sentences and text, cloze, multiple choice, reading comprehension, categorising vocabulary, recording learning, developing a learning resource. Acknowledgement Extracts from Science Revision for Junior Certificate. Shea
Mullally. Gill & Macmillan. We gratefully acknowledge Gill & Macmillan for the right to reproduce text in some of these activities.
Learning Record A copy of the Learning Record should be distributed to each student. Students should: 1. Write the subject and topic on the record. 2. Tick off/date the different statements as they complete activities. 3. Keep the record in their files along with the work produced for this unit. 4. Use this material to support mainstream learning.
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NAME: _____________________________ DATE:________________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
Making the best use of these units
At the beginning of the class, make sure that students understand what they are doing and why. ��We are doing the exercise on page (12) to help you to remember key words / to help your writing skills / to help with grammar�� etc. • You can create your personal teaching resource by printing these units in full and filing them by subject in a large ring binder. • Encourage students to: o Bring the relevant subject textbooks to language support class. It does not matter if they have different textbooks as the activities in these units refer to vocabulary and other items that will be found in all subject textbooks. These units are based on curriculum materials. o Take some responsibility for their own learning programmes by: Developing a personal dictionary for different subjects, topics, and other categories of language, on an on-going basis. This prompt is a reminder. Recording what they have learnt on the Learning Record, which should be distributed at the start of each unit. Keeping their own files with good examples of the work produced in language support for different subjects and topics. This file will be an invaluable learning resource in supporting mainstream learning. • Don��t forget that many of the activities in these units are suitable as homework tasks, for self-study, or for use in the subject classroom with the agreement of the subject teacher. Indicates that answers may be found at the end of the unit.
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NAME: _____________________________ DATE:________________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
Keywords
The list of keywords for this unit is as follows: Nouns absence animals anther* availability blotting paper carpel colour combination community cuttings dispersal egg fertilisation filament* flower food formation fruits fusion gamete germination graftings insects leaf living things method nucleus offspring ovary* parent plant pollen pollination presence relationships reproduction resources scent seeds seedlings self-dispersal sex cells stamen stigma* style* wind zygote Verbs to attract to compete to contain to cut to disperse to fertilise to form to fuse to grow to involve to occur to plant to pollinate to produce to reproduce to transfer Adjectives asexual different female fertilised identical male new sexual similar Adverbs sexually
* Higher Level material only
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NAME: ___________________________DATE:_______________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
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Vocabulary file 1
This activity may be done in language support class or in the mainstream subject classroom.
Word Meaning Word in my language
carpel dispersal egg fertilisation flower formation fruits Get your teacher to check this, then file it in your folder so you can use it in the future.
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NAME: ___________________________DATE:_______________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
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Vocabulary file 2
This activity may be done in language support class or in the mainstream subject classroom.
Word Meaning Word in my language
germination graftings living things pollination reproduction seeds self- dispersal Get your teacher to check this, then file it in your folder so you can use it in the future.
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NAME: ___________________________DATE:_______________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
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Vocabulary file 3
This activity may be done in language support class or in the mainstream subject classroom.
Word Meaning Word in my language
to attract to disperse stamen zygote to grow to pollinate to transfer Get your teacher to check this, then file it in your folder so you can use it in the future.
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NAME: ___________________________DATE:_______________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
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7 Level: all Type of activity: whole class Focus: vocabulary, spelling, dictionary, categorising vocabulary Suggested time: 10 minutes
Activating students�� existing knowledge
Use a spidergram to activate students�� ideas and knowledge on the key points in this chapter. See Teachers�� Notes for suggestions.
Possible key term for the spidergram:
reproduction
▪ Invite students to provide key words in their own languages. ▪ Encourage dictionary use. ▪ Encourage students to organise their vocabulary into relevant categories (e.g. meaning, nouns, keywords, verbs etc.).
Students should record vocabulary and terms from the spidergram in their personal dictionaries.
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NAME: ___________________________DATE:_______________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
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8 Focus: vocabulary, spelling, dictionary Suggested time: 30 minutes Level: A1 Type of activity: pairs or individual
Working with words
1. Tick the correct answer
a) eggs b) cuttings c) the wind d) fish a) insects b) flowers c) eggs d) bones
2. Find these words in your textbook. Write your own explanation for these words. Then write the word in your own language. Use your dictionary if necessary. Word Page in textbook Explanation In my language colour egg fertilisation germination
Check that these key words are in your personal dictionary.
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NAME: ___________________________DATE:_______________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
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Picture Sentences
1. Tick the correct answer a) This is a bee. b) These are the parts of a flower. c) This is a snow storm. a) This is a tram. b) These are books. c) This is plant germination. a) This is a newspaper. b) This is pollination. c) This is a computer speaker. Focus: vocabulary, basic sentence structure Suggested time: 30 minutes Level: A1 Type of activity: pairs or individual 2. Put these words in the correct order to form sentences. petals insects attract ___________________________________________________________ two pollen carried is in ways ___________________________________________________________ reproduce by plants of means flowers ___________________________________________________________
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NAME: ___________________________DATE:_______________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
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Odd One Out
1. Circle the word which does not fit with the other words in each line.
Example: chair desk book train
Focus: word identification, vocabulary, structuring answer Suggested time: 20 minutes Level: A1 / A2 Type of activity: pairs or individual
flower stamen ovary blue seeds nucleus pollen pepper stigma gamete insects snake germination small plant anther
2. Find these words in your textbook. Then put them in short sentences in your own words. Use a dictionary if necessary. to attract _____________________________________________ to compete _____________________________________________ to cut _____________________________________________ to fuse _____________________________________________ to pollinate _____________________________________________
Check that these key words are in your personal dictionary.
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NAME: ___________________________DATE:_______________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
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Have you ticked this activity on your Learning Record?
Level: A2 / B1 Type of activity: individual
Science Keywords
1. Fill in the missing letters of the keywords listed below. Focus: key vocabulary, structuring sentences Suggested time: 20 minutes On the line beside each word, write whether the word is a noun, an adjective or a verb.
s_ig_a _______________ o_ary _______________ st_m_n _______________ in_ec_s _______________
2. Write as many words as possible related to plant reproduction. You have 3 minutes! ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________
Check that these keywords are in your personal dictionary.
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NAME: ___________________________DATE:_______________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
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Unscramble the letters
1. Plants reproduce sexually by means of FOLERWS
Answer __________________
2. Pollen is made in the anther of the�� STMAEN
Answer __________________
3. The egg is made in the�� OVRAY
Answer __________________
4. Plants are pollinated by either the wind or�� ISNECST
Answer __________________ Solve the secret code English= A C D E F I N M O S T U Code= B X Y F G Q R O L E A W
Look at each word as you write the answer. Is your spelling correct? Can you pronounce the word? Do you know what the word means? Have you got this word in your personal dictionary? Focus: key vocabulary, pronunciation, spelling Suggested time: 20 minutes Level: A1 / A2 Type of activity: pairs or individual
example: (code) EAWYFRA = STUDENT (English)
QREFXA =
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NAME: ___________________________DATE:_______________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
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Completing text
1. Fill in the blanks in these sentences. Use words from the Word Box below. __________ reproduction involves only one parent. No fusion of gametes (sex cells) is involved. All ________ are identical to the parent. Examples include mushroom spores, daffodil __________, crocus corms, potato tubers, iris rhizomes, strawberry runners and all cuttings and graftings. Sexual reproduction occurs when a male gamete (sex cell) fuses with a female _______ (sex cell). _______ attract insects by their colour and scent. The flower produces pollen, which contains the male sex cells. Word Box bulbs gamete petals asexual offspring Focus: reading comprehension, extracting meaning from text, vocabulary, adjectives, sentence structure Suggested time: 40 minutes Level: A2 / B1 Type of activity: pairs or individual 2. Explain the following words. Use your dictionary and textbook to help you. fusion ______________________________________________ offspring ____________________________________________ cutting _____________________________________________ grafting ____________________________________________ scent _______________________________________________ 3. List the examples of asexual reproduction from the text.
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NAME: ___________________________DATE:_______________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
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Multiple choice
Read the text below and choose the best answers. Focus: key vocabulary, topic information, reading comprehension, multiple choice Suggested time: 30 minutes Level: A2 / B1 Type of activity: individual
Pollination is the transfer of pollen from the anther to the stigma. Methods of pollination • Insect: Bees and other insects carry pollen from one flower to another. • Wind: The wind blows pollen from one flower to another. Part of flower Insect pollinated Wind pollinated Petals Large, coloured, scented often scented Stamens Inside flower Hang outside flower Pollination takes place in two ways. What are they?
1. 2.
Pollen grains Large Small Stigma Small, inside flower Feathery, hang outside. 1. What is the transfer of pollen called? a) stamen b) pollination c) pollution d) gamete 2. What do bees and other insects carry? a) pollen b) leaves c) carpel d) flowers 3. What does the wind do? a) blows pollen b) nothing c) ovary d) sleeps 4. Plants are pollinated by either insects or the wind. a) True b) False 5. Is the stamen inside the flower? a) Yes b) No
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NAME: ___________________________DATE:_______________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
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15 Asexual reproduction Focus: labelling diagrams Suggested time: 30 minutes Level: All Type of activity: pairs / individual 1 Use your textbook and put the correct labels on these diagrams. Examples are provided to help you. 1 2 3
(iris) (potato) (crocus)
4 5 6
(daffodil) (mushroom) Levels A2 and B1 2 Write a note on how asexual reproduction takes place in plants. Use these examples in your answer.
___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________
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NAME: ___________________________DATE:_______________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
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16 Level: All Type of activity: pairs / Individual
Verbs
Put the correct verbs, from the box below, into these sentences. Be careful with your spelling! Focus: verbs, sentence structure, adjectives, opposites Suggested time: 30 minutes 1 Flowers _______________ bees with their colour and scent. 2 Bees _________________ pollen from the flowers. 3 Wind also _______________ pollen from one flower to another. 4 Pollen _________________ from the anther to the stamen. 5 Asexual reproduction _________________ one parent. Fill in the past tense of these verbs. Be careful! to gather to transfer to involve to blow to attract Verb Past tense to grow to cut to transfer to occur
Adjectives
We came across these adjectives in this Unit. Write the opposites in the blank boxes. female asexual similar new
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NAME: ___________________________DATE:_______________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
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17 Focus: key nouns Suggested time: 30 minutes Level: A2 – B1 Type of activity: individual/pair
Vocabulary
1 Word building How many other words are related to each of these words. Find as many words as you can and write whether they are verbs, nouns, adjectives or adverbs. Example: plans ....... to plan (v), planner(n), planning(adj), planned(v and adj) pollen... ...........__________________________________________ grafting.. .........__________________________________________ fertilisation........___________________________________________ 2 Noun Hunt Circle the 10 nouns below that are related to this Unit about Plant Reproduction. Score 4 points for each correct answer. Who will score the highest? Perhaps you will. Good luck!
fertilisation flower seedlings transfer Disperse fertilised graftings identical stamen planning sexually parent pollen cuttings reproduction cut scent compete fuse similar grow occur
Score: ________ points
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NAME: ___________________________DATE:_______________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
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Levels: A1 / A2 Alphaboxes
Using your textbook, find one word beginning with each of the letters of the alphabet. Write the word in the relevant box. You could also write the word in your own language.
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w xyz
Do you understand all these words?
Get your teacher to check this, then file it in your folder so you can use it in the future.
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NAME: ___________________________DATE:_______________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
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Word search
Level: All levels Find the words in the box below.
When you have found all the words, write each word in your own language.
APPARATUS ASEXUAL BLOTTING CARPEL CARPELS DISPERSAL FERTILISATION FLOWER FRUITS GAMETE GEOTROPISM GRAVITY NUCLEUS OVARY PLANT POLLINATED REPRODUCTION SEEDS STAMEN STIGMAS WIND
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NAME: ___________________________DATE:_______________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
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Play Snap
Make Snap cards with 2 sets of the same keywords. See Notes for teachers for ideas about how to use the cards.

stigma stigma stamen stamen germination germination
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NAME: ___________________________DATE:_______________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
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21 ovary ovary carpel carpel dispersal dispersal
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NAME: ___________________________DATE:_______________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
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22 reproduction reproduction nucleus nucleus sexually sexually
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NAME: ___________________________DATE:_______________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
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Answer key
Working with words, page 8 1. b, a Picture Sentences, page 9 b,c,b Petals attract insects. Pollen is carried in two ways. Plants reproduce by means of flowers. Odd one out, page 10 Blue, pepper, snake, small Key words, page 11 Stigma (noun), ovary (noun), stamen (noun), insects (noun) Unscramble the letters, page 12 Flowers, stamen, ovary. insects Secret code: insect Completing text, page 13 1. Asexual reproduction involves only one parent. No fusion of gametes (sex cells) is involved. All offspring are identical to the parent. Examples include mushroom spores, daffodil bulbs, crocus corms, potato tubers, iris rhizomes, strawberry runners and all cuttings and graftings. Sexual reproduction occurs when a male gamete (sex cell) fuses with a female gamete (sex cell). Petals attract insects by their colour and scent. The flower produces pollen, which contains the male sex cells. 2. fusion
when two or more things join (are combined)
offspring
the young of a plant or animal
cutting
a piece cut from a plant in order to grow another plant
grafting
a piece cut from one plant and fixed to another
scent
a smell produced by a plant or animal
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NAME: ___________________________DATE:_______________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
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3. List the examples of asexual reproduction from the text: spores bulbs corms rhizomes runners cuttings graftings Multiple Choice, Page 14 1b,2a,3a,4a,5a Asexual reproduction, page 15 correct labels
1 rhizome 2 tuber 3 corm 4 bulb 5 spore 6 grafting
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NAME: ___________________________DATE:_______________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
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25 Verbs, page 16 1
Flowers attract bees with their colour and scent. 2 Bees gather pollen from the flowers. 3 Wind also blows pollen from one flower to another. 4 Pollen transfers / is transferred from the anther to the stamen. 5 Asexual reproduction involves one parent. Verb Past tense to grow grew to cut cut to transfer transferred to occur occurred Opposites: female/male, sexual/asexual, dissimilar/similar, new/old
Vocabulary, page 17
Note: A good dictionary will provide more derivations but the more commonly-used forms are adequate for this exercise. pollen... ........... to pollinate (v), pollination (n), pollinated (v and adj) grafting............ to graft (v), graft (n), grafted (v and adj) fertilisation........ to fertilise (v), fertile (adj), fertilised (v and adj)
Noun Hunt
fertilisation seedlings graftings pollen reproduction scent flower stamen parent cuttings
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NAME: ___________________________DATE:_______________________ SCIENCE: Plant Reproduction
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Word Search, page 19
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