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Apresentação do PowerPoint


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Como Escrever e Publicar bons Artigos Cient��ficos 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

Laborat��rio de Nanomedicina e Nanotoxicologia

Instituto de F��sica de São Carlos, USP 

IFSC, 2011


www.nanomedicina.com.br 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Workshop Outline 

Modulo 1: O G��nero Liter��rio

          Seções de Um Artigo Cient��fico

M��dulo 2: Estrutura 1: Abstract

M��dulo 3: Estrutura 2: Introduction

M��dulo 4: Estrutura 3: Results and Discussion, Conclusion

M��dulo 5: Estilo

          Linguagem 1: Especificidade, Complexidade e Ambiguidade

M��dulo 6: Linguagem 2: Redundâncias, Ação no Verbo, Fluidez de      Texto, Ritmo de Escrita

M��dulo 7: Linguagem 3: Plain English, Escrever em Ingl��s, Preposições

M��dulo 8: Linguagem 4: Topic Sentences, Cover Letters, Final Remarks


www.nanomedicina.com.br 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Why to Publish?? 

Publication is one of the most important steps of the scientist��s work 

If nobody knows, or can benefit from your work,  

Why being at work ??


www.nanomedicina.com.br 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

What we Publish? 

Scientists Publish Ideas, not results!!


www.nanomedicina.com.br 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Lesson Zero 

Scientific writing as a ��new�� Literary Genre


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Clarity and Concision 

Report your results clearly 

Use as few words as necessary 
 

Save words!!


www.nanomedicina.com.br 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

References 

All information or ideas must be referenced!

Including your own work


www.nanomedicina.com.br 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

2.

Sections of a Regular Paper


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

General 

Specific 

Adapted from: Hill et al., Teaching ESL students to read and write experimental papers, TESOL Quarterly, 16: 333, 1982: 

Organization of a paper 

General


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

A well-written Title is concise and clear:

Use the minimum number of words. 
 

Rewrite the title in the final version of the paper. 

Title, Authors and Affiliations


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 
 
 

Who are the authors of a paper? 

Title, Authors and Affiliations


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Guidelines to define authorship: 

All authors must be able to present/discuss/defend

the paper. 

Title, Authors and Affiliations


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Introduction


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Structure 

Information in the text flows from General to Specific, arriving at purpose.  

Introduction


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Contextualization 

Sumarizing Previous

Research 

Purpose 

General 

Specific 

Your Field 

Your work 

Introduction


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

The citation process: 
 
 

Authors cite to prove where the ideas came from 

Authors DO NOT cite to show where the text came from!!! 

Introduction


www.nanomedicina.com.br 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Results and Discussion


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

The most important section of a paper 

Results and Discussion 

The section where you prove your initial question, hypothesis, idea, etc. 

Illustrative Materials (figures, graphs, images), Outcome of Calculations, and TEXT. 

The way you write your achievements makes the whole difference 

Importance of figure Quality, Data Analyses and Statistics


www.nanomedicina.com.br 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

An Interesting Example�� 

��It has not escaped our notice that the specific pairing we have postulated immediately suggests a possible copying mechanism for the genetic material�� 

Watson, JD, Crick, FHC, Nature, 171, 737, 1953. 

M4P1 Nature 

Results and Discussion


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Introduction

(purpose) 

Results and Discussion

(Key Results) 

Results and Discussion


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Model/Structure for Results and Discussion 

???????? 

Results and Discussion


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Conclusions


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Function: To state the importance of the paper to the development of the field. 

Conclusions 

Ideas flowing from Specific to General.


www.nanomedicina.com.br 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Conclusions 

Key findings 

Pyramidal Structure 

Interpretation of main Results 

Contribution to the field 

Specific 

General


www.nanomedicina.com.br 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

- Past and Present tense; 

- Third Person, preferably; 

Style 

Conclusions


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

A Suggested Sequence��. 

Results and Discussions 

Conclusions 

Introduction 

Title 

Experimental 

Abstract


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Final version of a paper translated into English 

Translations ??


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Plagiarism 

You may cite others�� words, data, etc. using your own words; 

Do not paraphrase other author��s text  

Do not paraphrase your early papers.


www.nanomedicina.com.br 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

http://www.fapesp.br/boaspraticas/codigo_fapesp0911.pdf 

Plagiarism


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Plagiarism


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

The efficient writing is specific  

    ��Novel strategies have bee proposed to overcome the limitations regarding diseases diagnosis.�� 

Too general!! 

Specificity 

What were the strategies?

What are the limitations?

What  are the diseases?


www.nanomedicina.com.br 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

    The use of carbon nanotubes-based biosensors has been proposed to overcome the poor selectivity exhibited by conventional systems used for cancer detection. 

Better !! 

Specificity


www.nanomedicina.com.br 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Word Choice: 

��Tissue temperature increased as the particles released the phytotherapics�� 

????

The word ��as�� may be interpreted as ��because�� or ��while�� 

Ambiguity


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Language II


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Action in the verb 

Não-Nativos tendem a ��Substantivar�� os Verbos 

Why?????


www.nanomedicina.com.br 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Administration of dopamine produced a decrease in the frequency of convulsions 

Administration of dopamine decreased convulsions frequency 

Action in the verb 

Better:


www.nanomedicina.com.br 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Language III


www.nanomedicina.com.br 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

The word ��Fact��  

Replace ��This fact�� by: 

This effect,

This hypothesis,

This observation,

This value,

This phenomenon,

This finding, etc.  

The same applies to ��Case�� 

Plain English


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Preliminary

Careful

Obtained

Novel

Successfully 

Plain English + Common Sense 

Are these words relevant in SW??


www.nanomedicina.com.br 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Final Remarks


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

The Paper is ready. 

What happens now??


www.nanomedicina.com.br 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

The cover letter is the document that introduce the manuscript to the editor. 

A good cover letter makes clear the importance of the paper and the reasons it deverves to be published. 

The cover Letter


www.nanomedicina.com.br 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

The cover Letter may be the last chance of establishing a nice, friendly? conversation with the editors. 

Remember:  

The cover Letter


www.nanomedicina.com.br 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

The cover Letter 

Dear Editor: 

Please find attached the manuscript entitled: A new strategy to investigate the toxicity of nanomaterials using Langmuir monolayers as membrane models, which we submit for publication in Nanotoxicology. The reasons why we believe it deserves to be published stem from the following features:

i) To our knowledge, this manuscript is the first report of a strategy to investigate the types of interaction that may occur between a nanomaterial, viz., carbon nanotubes and phospholipid membranes, in a way that experimental parameters can be controlled at the molecular level.

ii) The methodology is reported here for a specific carbon nanotube/dendrimer complex, which had been applied as drug-delivery systems. However, this new methodology may be of interest to a wider audience investigating the toxicity of nanomaterials, either in vitro or in vivo, since the same strategy can be applied to different  nanocomplexes, nanoparticles, etc.

 

Sincerely

 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto 

Example 2:


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Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

http://www.uottawa.ca/academic/arts/writcent/hypergrammar/partopic.html 

Science Research Writing for Non-Native Speakers of English, Hilary Glasman-Deal, Imperial College Press, 2009 

Scientific Writing, Easy When ou Know How, Peat, J., Elliot, E.,  Baur, L., Keena, V.,  BMJ Books, 2009 

Essentials of Writing Biomedical Research Papers by Mimi Zeiger, Mcgraw-Hill Professional, 2nd Ed, 2000. 

Sources 

Michael Alley. The Craft of Scientific Writing, 3rd edition (Springer-Verlag, 1996). 

Mathews, JR and  and Mathews RW, Successful Scientific Writing, Cambridge University Press; 3 edition 2007)  

Science Research Writing for Non-Native Speakers of English, Hilary Glasman-Deal, Imperial College Press, 2009 

Dodd, J. S., Ed. The ACS Style Guide; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 1986.).  

Alu��sio, S.M. (1995). Ferramentas para Auxiliar a Escrita de Artigos Cient��ficos em Ingl��s como L��ngua Estrangeira. Tese de Doutorado, IFSC-USP, 228 p. 

Hill et al., Teaching ESL students to read and write experimental papers, TESOL Quarterly, 16: 333, 1982: 

Essentials of Writing Biomedical Research Papers by Mimi Zeiger, Mcgraw-Hill Professional, 2nd Ed, 2000.


www.nanomedicina.com.br 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Sources 

John M. Swales, Genre Analysis: English in Academics and Research Settings, Cambridge University Press, 1990. 

Science Research Writing for Non-Native Speakers of English, Hilary Glasman-Deal, Imperial College Press, 2009 

Watson, JD, Crick, FHC, Nature, 171, 737, 1953. 

Yu et al., Nano Lett. 2011, 11, 4438 

Brawand et al., Nature, 2011, 478, 343 

W. Li et al. / Mechatronics 21 (2011) 1183 

Cho et al., Nature Nanotechnology, 6, 2011, 675


www.nanomedicina.com.br 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Sources 

John M. Swales, Genre Analysis: English in Academics and Research Settings, Cambridge University Press, 1990. 

Rubner et al., Langmuir 2004, 20, 1362. 

Patwari N. et al, IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, 2005, p 54 

Olek et al., Nano Lett., Vol. 4, 1889, (2004) 

Lowman et al., Langmuir 2004, 20, 9791-9795 

Podsiadlo et al., Nano Letters, 2008 , 8, 1762 

Yoon et al., International Journal of Plasticity 27 (2011) 1165


www.nanomedicina.com.br 

Prof. Dr. Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br 

Valtencir Zucolotto

zuco@ifsc.usp.br  

www.nanomedicina.com.br

www.lnn.ifsc.usp.br 

www.twitter.com/Nanomedicina

Instituto de F��sica de São Carlos - USP 

Muito Obrigado 

www.twitter.com/escreverartigos

www.twitter.com/writingpapers


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