Home >  The Future of Industrial Engineers Prof. Robert Minovski, PhD Skopje, September, 2011 AIM Conference ��Enterprise Restructuring/Improvement�

The Future of Industrial Engineers Prof. Robert Minovski, PhD Skopje, September, 2011 AIM Conference ��Enterprise Restructuring/Improvement�


The Future of Industrial Engineers 

Prof. Robert Minovski, PhD 

Skopje, September, 2011 

AIM Conference ��Enterprise Restructuring/Improvement��


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

Content 

  • Part 1:Presentation of the Division of the IE&M
  • Part 2: The Future of Industrial Engineers
    • The Future of Industrial Engineering
    • The Future of the Education of Industrial Engineers
    • The Future Demand for Industrial Engineers
  • General Conclusion

University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 
 
 

Part 1:Presentation of the Division of the IE&M


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

Part 1: 
Presentation of our Division of IE&M 
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering - Structure
 

Total number of students 

~ 2000 

Enrollment in 2011 

~ 300 

Teaching staff 

64 

FACULTY OF 

MECHANICAL 

ENGINEERING 

Computing and 

other technical 

support 

Administration 

Institute of 

Manufacturing 

Engineering 

Institute of 

Thermo technique 

and Thermo energy 

Institute of 

Hydraulic, 

Pneumatic and 

Automation 

Institute of 

Mechanization 

Machines and 

Vehicles 

Institute of Welding 

and Welding 

Constructions 

Institute of 

Mechanics 

Section of 

Mathematics and 

Informatics 

Division: Industrial 

Engineering and 

Management 

Division: 

Metal cutting 

Machines and 

Processes 

Division: 

Deformation 

Technology


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

Our Mission 

  • to contribute to the development, management and overall improvements of the manufacturing and servicing organizations
 

through 

  • relevant regular and continuous education, research and technology transfer, collaborating with experts in different fields

University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

Division of Industrial Engineering and Management: Activities 

Research 

Applied Projects 

  •  Enterprise  Restructuring
  • Factory Planning
  • Implementation of  New Technologies
  • Continuous  Improvement
  • Investment  Planning
  • Business Start-Up
  • Quality Management
  • Logistics and SCM
  • Process optimization
  • . . .
 
  •  Methodology for  Enterprise  Restructuring
  • CAPP
  • IS
  • Technical  Investment  Planning
  • Organizational  Design
  • Capacity Planning
  • HRM
  • PPC
  • . . .
 

Education 

  •  Manufacturing   systems
  • Operations research
  • Management
  • Project Management
  • Product Development
  • Work Study
  • Management of   Technology
  • Entrepreneurship and  Small Business
  • Modeling and    Simulation
  • . . .

University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

  • Part 2: The Future of Industrial Engineers
    • The Future of Industrial Engineering
      • Definition of IE
      • Brief overview of the history of IE
      • Brief overview of the present status of IE
      • Future directions of IE
      • Development of the methods on the example of the Performance Measurement Systems (PMS)
        • The importance of the PMS
        • Our work connected with PMS and enterprise restructuring
        • Our future work on PMS and enterprise restructuring
    • The Future of Education of Industrial Engineers
    • The Future Demand for Industrial Engineers

University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

Definition of Industrial Engineering 

to increase/maximize productivity through the management of people, methods of business organization, and technology 

to design or to improvement systems for the physical distribution of goods and services and to determine the most efficient plant locations.  

to design or to improvement systems for the physical distribution of goods and services and to determine the most efficient plant locations.  

to develop methods for handling and transporting materials  

to increase/ maximize efficiency 

redesign and standardization of manufacturing processes 

to eliminate worker fatigue 

determine the product requirements

develop wage and salary administration systems and job evaluation programs 

develop management control systems to aid in financial planning and cost analysis 

development of production planning and control procedures 

design production planning and control systems to coordinate activities and ensure product quality


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

Industrial Engineering is dealing with the optimization of systems and processes (in given circumstances) 

In few words I would say that


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

General Hipo(thesis) 
 

The basic ideas connected with the IE stays the same

they are completely the same as the initial ones and no changes in that direction are expected


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

Brief overview of the IE history (1) 

  • Non-formal, very early beginnings may be located with the cognitive functioning of the people
  • The real beginnings are connected with the industrial revolution
  • For the first time the term ��Industrial Engineering�� appears in 1901 in the journal ��The Engineering Magazine�� by James Guin
  • The fundamental breakthroughs are made by the people like Taylor and Gilbreth

University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

Brief overview of the IE history (2) 

  • First implementation was associated with the production organizations and direct workers
  • In the 70-ies and 80-ies in the last century serious introduction of the mathematical tools occurred – Operational Research are becoming a part of every serious course of IE
  • First steps toward implementation of IE for indirect work places were done, together with the implementation in service organizations

University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

Brief overview of the present situation of IE


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

New approaches that are now implemented in IE 

  • ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning)
  • CRM (Customer Relationship Management)
  • SCM (Supply Chain Management)
  • BI (Business Intelligence)
  • SD (Systems Dynamic)
  • SaaS (Software as a Service)
  • ��

University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

The future of IE - General Hipo(thesis) 

The basic idea connected with the IE stays the same

it is completely the same as the initial one and no changes in that direction are expected 

What will be changed is:

  • New methods that will be applied
  • New (non-typical) areas of implementation
  • New types of organizations

University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

New methods 

  • Future demands
    • Greater accuracy
    • Bigger speed
    • More complex organizations
  • Methods with more solid mathematical background 
  • More intensive utilization of IT
 

 


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

New non-typical areas 

Type of organization 

Type of workers 

Typical areas 

manufacturing 

service 

typical 

non-typical 

direct 

indirect


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

Why there and why now? 

  • Same principles of IE can be applied in those industries
  • Over-saturation (to some extent) of the implementation of the IE in traditional/typical areas
  • Extreme growth of the turnover in some non-typical industries, like sports and entertainment

 


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

Some examples of Sports Business Management study programs 
 

  • Foundations of Sport Management (3 units)
  • Sport in U.S. Culture (3 units)
  • Facility and Event Planning in Sport (3 units)
  • Sport Marketing, Fundraising, and Development (3 units)
  • Sport Finance ( 3 units)
  • Research Methods (3 units)
  • Legal and Ethical Issues in Sport (3 units)
  • Literature in Sport Management (3 units)
  • Sport Management Internships (6 units Internships, 3 units Field Studies)
  • Sport Management Capstone Preparation (3 units)
 
  • Organizational Behavior and Development (3.0)
  • Applied Business Research Tools (3.0)
  • Managerial Accounting Analysis (3.0)
  • Economic Analysis of the Firm (3.0)
  • Leadership in Sport (1.5)
  • Strategic Marketing Management (3.0)
  • Applied Strategy and Business Policy (3.0)
  • Strategic Financial Management (3.0)
  • Moral and Ethical Issues in Sport (1.5)
  • Diversity and Social Issues in Sport (1.5)
  • Strategic Supply Chain Management (3.0)
  • Professional Sport Industry (1.5) or Intercollegiate Sport Industry (1.5)
  • Professional Selling in Sport (3.0) or Facilities and Event Management (3.0)
  • Global Environment in Sport (3.0)
  • Sport Law (3.0)
  • Strategic Sport Marketing (3.0)
  • Business of Sport Media (3.0)
  • Internship (3.0)
 

Offered Courses 

Master of Arts in Kinesiology 
Option: Sport Management 

Master's in Sport Business Management 

Title 

California State University--Long Beach 

http://www.csulb.edu/colleges/chhs/programs/sports-management/overview/program-description/ 

University of Central Florida 

http://web.bus.ucf.edu/sportbusiness/?page=929 

University


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

New types of companies 

Type of organization 

Type of workers 

Company size 

manufacturing 

service 

big 

medium 

direct 

indirect 

small & micro


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

Why there and why now? 

  • Small and micro organizations are dealing with less complex problems in general
  • They have limited resources, especially in man-power
  • Over-saturation of the implementation of the IE in big and (to some extent) in medium enterprises 
  • Many IE approaches can be modified and delivered to small and micro organizations in the similar way as SaaS
  • The big number of small and micro organizations 

University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

Performance Measurement Systems (PMS) 

  • Why PMS?

    They are the backbone of the continuous improvement which makes them important and connected with several other approaches, like:

    • Enterprise Restructuring
    • TQM
    • BI
    • Simulation
    • etc.

 


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

COMPASS (methodology for enterprise restructuring) – basic idea


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

COMPASS – the PMS model


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

Future work on COMPASS 

  • Implementation of more reliable and accurate methods for support of the generation of Success Factors
    • Concurrent Markov Decision Processes (CMDP) - modeling of certain subKEs
    • Method of Minimal Squares (together with the decision tree) - to make causal-effect analysis on certain subKEs in order to quantify the impact of certain influential  factors
  • Improvement of the simulation part
    • Discrete Event Simulation (DES)
    • System Dynamic (SD)
    • Hybrid Simulation Model

University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

Aplication of Method of Minimal Squares in COMPASS


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

Hybrid Simulation Model 
 

Importance of competitiveness indicator 
 

Performance of competitiveness indicator


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 
 

  • Part 2: The Future of Industrial Engineers
    • The Future of Industrial Engineering
    • The Future of the Education of Industrial Engineers
    • The Future Demand for Industrial Engineers

 


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

General directions 

The education in the near future in general will  continue to follow the idea of Competence Based Learning

  • Generic competences
  • Specific competences

University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

General Competences – some examples  

9. Communication (i.e., The ability to communicate clearly and concisely, the ability to use communication skills to positively influence individual behaviour, using a range of verbal and written methods) 

8. Presentation (i.e., ability to prepare and deliver effective presentations to different audiences) 

7. Ability to see the bigger picture (i.e., ability to see how things are interconnected; ability to think both strategically and operationally, working across borders) 

6. Leadership (i.e., ability to take responsibility for a task, give direction, provide structure and assign responsibility to others) 

5. Self and Time Management  (i.e., ability to organize oneself, one��s time and schedule effectively and reliably) 

4. Critical/Analytical (i.e, ability to analyze problems and situations in a critical and logical manner) 

3. Teamwork and Relationship Building (i.e., ability to work in teams and to utilize appropriate interpersonal skills to build relationships with colleagues, team members and external stakeholders) 

2. Flexibility (i.e. ability to adapt and be open to new situations) 

1. Creativity (i.e. the ability to solve a problem in a new way)


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

Specific competences – some directions 

  • Solid basics of mathematics and IT
  • Strengthening some of the core IE subjects, like MoT, Modeling and Simulation, PPC, etc.
  • Strengthening the corpus of competences that will prepare industrial engineers for management positions, through subjects like General Management, Human Resource Management, Economical and Financial Aspects in Organizations, Marketing, Business Law and Negotiation, etc.
  • Some traditional subjects/courses may lose their strong importance and may be incorporated in other courses, like Work Study in PPC or Process Planning or Ergonomics, etc.

University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 
 

  • Part 2: The Future of Industrial Engineers
    • The Future of Industrial Engineering
    • The Future of Education of Industrial Engineers
    • The Future Demand for Industrial Engineers

 


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

Employment of industrial engineers (source:US Department of Labour, 2008) 

183,200 

Engineers, all other 

2,700 

Agricultural engineers 

7,100 

Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers 

8,500 

Marine engineers and naval architects 

16,000 

Biomedical engineers 

16,900 

Nuclear engineers 

21,900 

Petroleum engineers 

24,400 

Materials engineers 

25,700 

Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors 

31,700 

Chemical engineers 

54,300 

Environmental engineers 

71,600 

Aerospace engineers 

74,700 

Computer hardware engineers 

143,700 

Electronics engineers, except computer 

157,800 

Electrical engineers 

214,800 

Industrial engineers 

238,700 

Mechanical engineers 

278,400 

Civil engineers


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

Avg. starting salary offers for BSc graduates in IE (source:US Department of Labour, 2008) 

52,048 

Civil 

54,158 

Bioengineering and biomedical 

54,352 

Agricultural 

56,311 

Aerospace/aeronautical/astronautical 

57,349 

Materials 

58,358 

Industrial/manufacturing 

58,766 

Mechanical 

60,125 

Electrical/electronics and communications 

61,610 

Nuclear 

61,738 

Computer 

64,404 

Mining and Mineral 

64,902 

Chemical 

$83,121 

Petroleum


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

Predicted employment growth of industrial engineers (source:US Department of Labour, 2008) 


12,200 

195,400 

183,200 

All other engineers 

18 

4,000 

25,900 

21,900 

Petroleum engineers 

11 

1,900 

18,800 

16,900 

Nuclear engineers 

15 

1,100 

8,200 

7,100 

Mining and geological eng., including mining safety engineers 


14,400 

253,100 

238,700 

Mechanical engineers 


2,300 

26,600 

24,400 

Materials engineers 


500 

9,000 

8,500 

Marine engineers and naval architects 

14 

30,600 

245,300 

214,800 

Industrial engineers 

10 

2,600 

28,300 

25,700 

Health & safety engineers, except mining safety engineers 

14 

33,200 

273,700 

240,400 

Industrial engineers, including health & safety engineers 

31 

16,600 

70,900 

54,300 

Environmental engineers 


400 

144,100 

143,700 

Electronics engineers, except computer 


2,700 

160,500 

157,800 

Electrical engineers 


3,100 

304,600 

301,500 

Electrical and electronics engineers 


2,800 

77,500 

74,700 

Computer hardware engineers 

24 

67,600 

345,900 

278,400 

Civil engineers 

-2 

-600 

31,000 

31,700 

Chemical engineers 

72 

11,600 

27,600 

16,000 

Biomedical engineers 

12 

300 

3,000 

2,700 

Agricultural engineers 

10 

7,400 

79,100 

71,600 

Aerospace engineers 

11 

178,300 

1,750,300 

1,571,900 

Engineers 

Percent 

Number 

Change, 
2008-18
 

Projected  
Employment, 2018
 

Employment, 2008 

Occupational Title


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

Conclusion on the future of the industrial engineers 

  • The demand for this profile will grow (at least in the near future) due to the urging need of the enterprises to optimize their functioning through reduction of costs, increased productivity, etc.
  • This profile will become more complex - additional methods will be encompassed in IE
  • Vocational training and LLL approach will become more important

 


University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 

Something extra 

This conclusion will focus on possible activities of AIM

  • To establish a new journal on IE

http://www.mesj.ukim.edu.mk 

  • To work on defining a core competences that should be delivered by every EU University that gives education in IE

University ��Ss. Cyril and Methodius�� – Skopje, R. Macedonia

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

          - Division of IE&M - 
 
 

Thank you for your attention 

Prof. Robert Minovski

Head of the Institute of Production Engineering and Management,

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,

University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius – Skopje

robert.minovski@mf.edu.mk


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