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Packaging Battery Shipments

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Packaging Battery Shipments
Follow these instructions to help ensure safe transportation of your battery shipments and your shipments with items containing batteries within the FedEx Express® network.

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• UN 2795, Batteries, wet, filled with alkali (electric storage) • UN 2800, Batteries, wet, nonspillable General Wet Battery Packaging Guidelines • Package wet-cell batteries in containers, including metal containers, with acid/alkali leakproof liner — sealed to prevent leakage. • Fasten batteries securely with fill openings and vents facing up to prevent short-circuiting or overheating. • Position multiple batteries side by side, separated by nonconductive dividers. • Place contents in a sturdy outer container. Shipping Nonspillable Wet Batteries In accordance with 49CFR��173.159 and USG-11, an IATA (USG-11) nonspillable wet electric storage battery may be regarded as not subject to the regulations if the battery and its outer packaging are plainly and durably marked ��NONSPILLABLE�� or ��NONSPILLABLE BATTERY.�� The battery must also meet the conditions for being regarded as not subject to the regulations as prescribed in Special Provision A67, meaning that no shipper��s declaration is required.
Unique Risks Associated With Shipping Batteries
Batteries provide the power source for personal comput- ers, phones, automobiles, and life-saving appliances. However, batteries are classified as dangerous goods, because by definition they produce electricity from a chemical reaction. When improperly handled, packaged, or stored, batteries pose a risk for corrosive chemical and electrical fires. Emphasis must be placed on safety when packaging and transporting them. Following is an overview of the requirements for acceptance and transport of bat- teries with the FedEx Express system.
Preparing Charged Batteries for Shipment
At FedEx Express, we understand the importance of ensuring the safe transport of your shipments. Charged battery shipments or shipments with items that contain charged batteries may overheat and ignite in certain conditions and, once ignited, may be difficult to extinguish or may expend corrosive substances. By following these guidelines and complying with all applicable local, state, and federal laws governing packing, marking, and labeling, you can do your part to help ensure your shipments arrive safely and on time to their final destinations. FedEx Express strictly adheres to International Air Transport Association (IATA) and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) regulations.
Shipping Wet Batteries
Wet batteries or wet-cell batteries are typically filled with corrosive acid or alkali and are regulated battery shipments (Class 8 — Corrosive). Wet batteries are common in vehicles, utility systems, un-interruptible power systems, and industrial machinery. These commodities must be correctly identified, classified, packaged, marked, and labeled. Additionally, the package must have the Shipper��s Declaration for Dangerous Goods completed and signed by a trained shipper. UN Numbers and Proper Shipping Names for Wet Batteries • UN 2794, Batteries, wet, filled with acid (electric storage)
Multiple batteries Sealed acid/alkali leakproof liner Nonconductive dividers Sturdy outer box

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Shipping Dry Batteries
Dry batteries are sealed, nonvented batteries used in flash- lights or small appliances. They contain zinc salts and other solids or may be packed in combination with other metals. These batteries include non-rechargeable alkaline batteries and rechargeable batteries made with nickel metal hydride and nickel cadmium. Some dry batteries are regulated battery shipments (Class 4 — Dangerous When Wet or Class 8 — Corrosive) and must be correctly identified, classified, packaged, marked, and labeled. UN Numbers and Proper Shipping Names for Dry Batteries • UN 3028, Batteries, dry, containing potassium hydroxide, solid • UN 3292, Batteries, containing sodium General Dry Battery Packaging Guidelines • Position multiple batteries or packages of batteries side by side, separated by dividers. • Make sure batteries contained in an electronic device remain inside the device when shipping. • Pack securely and fill void spaces to prevent shifting or movement in transit. • Place contents in a sturdy outer container.
Shipping Lithium Batteries
Lithium batteries are commonly used in devices like mobile phones, laptops, PDAs, watches, cameras, and even children��s toys. Lithium battery shipments or shipments with items that contain charged batteries may overheat and ignite in certain conditions and, once ignited, may be difficult to extinguish. The two main types of lithium batteries are lithium metal (primary non-rechargeable) and lithium ion (rechargeable). UN Numbers and Proper Shipping Names for Lithium Batteries • UN 3480, Lithium ion batteries • UN 3481, Lithium ion batteries packed with equipment • UN 3481, Lithium ion batteries contained in equipment • UN 3090, Lithium metal batteries • UN 3091, Lithium metal batteries packed with equipment • UN 3091, Lithium metal batteries contained in equipment Lithium metal batteries (primary non-rechargeable), UN 3090 prepared in accordance with Section IA, Section IB, and Section II of IATA packaging instruction 968 require approval prior to shipping by FedEx Express (operator variation FX-07). Go to fedex.com and enter ��lithium batteries�� in the search field to learn about the approval process. FedEx Express will not accept lithium battery shipments containing or overpacked with items identified as Class or Division 1, 2.1, 2.2 (if CAO), 3, 4, 5, and 8 , whether primary or subsidiary risk. Section II IATA Lithium Battery Shipments All packages containing lithium batteries are classified as Class 9 — Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods. However, packages containing small amounts of lithium may be exempted from most of the IATA and ICAO requirements if they comply with the requirements in Section II IATA (which matches Section II ICAO) Packing Instructions (PI) 965, 966, and 967 for lithium ion batteries and 968, 969, and 970 for lithium metal batteries as appropriate.
Multiple packages of batteries Cushioning to fill void spaces Nonconductive dividers Sturdy outer box
If shipping loose batteries, package them side by side with dividers between each battery. Batteries should be shipped inside of the electrical device whenever appropriate. Fill void spaces

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Shipments of lithium metal batteries, lithium metal batteries packed with equipment, and lithium metal batteries contained in equipment may be packaged in accordance with Section II IATA (Section II ICAO) packaging requirements provided that the metal or alloy cell content does not exceed more than 1g, and the aggregate lithium content does not exceed 2g per cell. Lithium ion cells and batteries meeting the requirements of Section II must meet the general requirements of the packag- ing instruction. For lithium ion or polymer cells, the watt-hour rating is not more than 20Wh and 100wh per battery. Each of the six proper shipping names defined in Section II IATA may have additional requirements related to types of approved outer packaging, weight limits, and package drop tests of 1.2m. Fully regulated lithium battery outer packaging must meet Packing Group II performance standards. (See Packaging Requirements as outlined in IATA Dangerous Goods Regulation). Section II Lithium Battery Packaging Guidelines To comply with Section II IATA shipping requirements, shipments containing lithium batteries and cells must comply with specific packaging guidelines. • Ensure that lithium batteries are individually packaged in fully enclosed inner packaging such as a plastic blister wrap or pasteboard to provide protection for each battery. • Shield and protect lithium batteries to prevent short circuits or contact with conductive materials within the packaging that could cause short circuits. • Ensure that packaging is proven (i.e., tested) to meet the requirements of each test in the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria, Part III, Sub-Section 38.3. • Make sure that lithium batteries are completely enclosed (such as in equipment or surrounded by plastic with void space filled to prevent movement), except when the proper shipping names end with ��contained in equipment.�� • Place contents in a sturdy outer container. • Provide correct labeling and documentation. Section IA IATA Lithium Battery Shipments Lithium batteries, both lithium ion and lithium metal, are fully regulated dangerous goods when prepared under Section IA IATA regulations. These commodities must be correctly identified, classified, packaged, marked, and labeled. Additionally, the package must have the Shipper��s Declaration for Dangerous Goods completed and signed by a trained shipper. Section IB IATA Stand-Alone Lithium Battery Shipments Section IB requirements apply to lithium metal cells with a lithium metal content not exceeding 1g and lithium metal batteries with a lithium metal content not exceeding 2g packed in quantities that exceed the allowance permitted in Section II, Table 968-II. Per FX-07, FedEx Express requires all 1B shipments to have a Shipper��s Declaration for Dangerous Goods, and ��1B�� must be indicated in either the Authorization or Additional Handling section. Alternate documentation will not be allowed. Refer to packaging instructions 965 and 968.
Cushioning Lithium metal battery in blister pack Nonconductive dividers Sturdy outer box Section II lithium battery handling label FedEx lithium battery handling label

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This brochure is in no way intended to replace requirements mandated by 49CFR and IATA. This is for informational purposes only. This packaging brochure is provided to FedEx customers to help reduce loss or damage due to improper packaging. It is NOT intended to be a comprehensive guide for packaging items we accept for transit. We make no warranties, expressed or implied, regarding this information. Proper packaging is the sole responsibility of the shipper. For more information and comprehensive guidelines, contact the FedEx Dangerous Goods/ Hazardous Materials Hotline at 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339; press ��81�� or say ��dangerous goods.�� (Outside the U.S., request to speak to a dangerous goods representative.) Refer to the current FedEx Service Guide for terms, conditions, and limitations applicable to FedEx® delivery services. © 2012 FedEx. All rights reserved. 33539PL-Rev. 10/12
Sealing and Labeling Instructions
Although these instructions are not regulatory requirements, they represent FedEx best practices when shipping with corrugated boxes. • Using the H taping method, apply at least three strips of pressure-sensitive adhesive plastic tape that is at least 2" wide to both the top and bottom of the carton. • Tape all seams or flaps. • Place the shipping label on the top of the largest side. • Ensure that all required outer markings, labelings, and documentation appear.
Battery Shipment Restrictions and Regulations
FedEx Express will not accept or ship: • Recalled or defective batteries, either as a stand-alone unit or contained with equipment. • Recalled or defective lithium batteries contained in electronic equipment, such as a laptop. (See IATA Special Provision A154 for additional details on these restrictions.) FedEx Office® Print and Ship Center locations and FedEx World Service Center® locations do not accept regulated battery shipments, with the exception of lithium battery shipments meeting Section II IATA regulations.
FedEx Packaging Services
FedEx Packaging Services offers package development consultation services. The FedEx Packaging Services lab does not test packaging containing items classified as dangerous goods.
Contacts and Resources
How to Pack guidelines at fedex.com/packaging. • FedEx Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Hotline, 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339; press ��81�� or say ��dangerous goods.�� • FedEx Dangerous Goods training seminars and job aid at http://www.fedex.com/us/service-guide/our-services/ dangerous-goods-hazmat/index.html. NOTICE: FedEx Express will refuse to accept packages that do not meet FedEx Express, government, or IATA and ICAO requirements.
While we cannot ensure compliance with markings such as up arrows or ��This End Up,�� properly placing the shipping label increases your chance for the preferred orientation. H taping method
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